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In 2020, facing the severe test brought by the epidemic and the complex and changeable domestic and foreign environment, China’s rare earth industry will strengthen production and operation self-discipline, promote supply-side structural reforms, promote industry transformation and upgrading, and implement the implementation of promoting upstream and downstream enterprises in the industry to resume work during the epidemic. Resumption of production policies and measures, the industry’s production and operation order and profitability have been steadily restored, and significant achievements have been made.
Looking back on the extraordinary year of 2020, the China Rare Earth Industry Association, Baotou Rare Earth Research Institute, and the editorial office of the “Rare Earth Information” magazine jointly sorted out the “Top Ten Events of China’s Rare Earth Industry in 2020″, which will contribute to the scientific and technological progress and industrial development of China’s rare earth industry. Pay tribute to the scientists, entrepreneurs and rare earth people who have made contributions!
1. China’s rare earth industry actively responds to the new crown epidemic
With the sudden outbreak of the new crown epidemic in 2020, the rare earth industry across the country fully responded to the calls and requirements of the party committees and governments at all levels and relevant management departments. In April 2020, the Rare Earth Office of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology commissioned the China Rare Earth Industry Association and the China Nonferrous Metals Industry Association to sort out and summarize the policy documents suitable for the declaration of rare earth enterprises, and form the “Compilation of Supporting Policies for the Resumption of Production and Production in the Rare Earth Industry”; Do a good job in the China Rare Earth Industry Association member units’ suggestions on epidemic prevention and control work, and exempt all membership dues in 2020; the party committee of the China Rare Earth Society Council issued the “About providing a strong political guarantee for winning the battle against epidemic prevention and control” “Notice”, taking winning the battle against the epidemic prevention and control as a major political task; rare earth companies adhere to the general tone of work for progress while maintaining stability, adhere to new development concepts, adhere to supply-side structural reforms, and adhere to the simultaneous advancement of epidemic prevention and control and industrial development , Closely follow the requirements of high-quality development, grasp the “six stability” and promote the “six guarantees”, strive to overcome the adverse impact of the epidemic on industrial development, and strive to minimize the loss caused by the impact of the epidemic, which fully demonstrates the national rare earth industry Responsibility and responsibility.
2. China’s plan to control the total amount of rare earth mining, smelting and separation continues to increase
Since 2018, China has been increasing the total amount of rare earth mining control indicators in an orderly manner. On June 30, 2020, the Ministry of Natural Resources and the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology announced the 2020 total control indicators for rare earth mining, smelting and separation, which will be 140,000 tons and 135,000 tons respectively. Compared with 2019, mineral products increased by 6.1%, and smelting and separated products increased by 6.3%.
3. The new resource tax law is officially implemented
On September 1, 2020, the “Resource Tax Law of the People’s Republic of China” was implemented. In the field of rare earths, the Resource Tax Law clearly stipulates: medium and heavy rare earths shall implement a fixed tax rate, which is reduced from the original 27% to 20%; light rare earths shall implement a range tax rate, with a tax rate of 7% to 12%. The specific tax rate is determined by the provincial people’s government.
4. National Development and Reform Commission, Ministry of Commerce: Foreign investors are prohibited from investing in rare earth exploration, mining and beneficiation
On June 24, 2020, the National Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Commerce issued the “Special Administrative Measures for Foreign Investment Access (Negative List) (2020 Edition)”. This revision further reduces the negative list of foreign investment access in accordance with the principle of only reducing but not increasing. Among them, the national negative list of foreign investment access was reduced from 40 to 33, and the negative list of foreign investment access in the pilot free trade zone was reduced from 37 to 30. After the negative list has been reduced many times, the “prohibition of investment in rare earths, radioactive minerals, tungsten exploration, mining and beneficiation” is still listed as a special management measure for foreign investment, which highlights the strategic significance of rare earths and other resources.
5. Commodities such as rare earth metal mines no longer impose tariffs on the United States
On May 12, 2020, the Tariff Department of the Ministry of Finance issued an announcement on the “Second Exclusion List of the Second Batch of Products Imposing Tariffs on the United States and Canada” by the Tariff Commission of the State Council. In the rare earth-related fields, it involves rare earth metal minerals and other commodities. For the goods listed in the list, from May 19, 2020 to May 18, 2021 (one year), no additional tariffs imposed to counter the US 301 measures will be imposed, and the tariffs that have been imposed will be refunded .
6. The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology approved the establishment of the National Rare Earth Functional Materials Innovation Center
In order to thoroughly implement the important instructions of General Secretary Jin Ping on the development of the rare earth industry, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology actively promotes the convergence of industry innovation resources and accelerates the construction of a manufacturing innovation center in the field of rare earth functional materials. In April 2020, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology approved Guorui Kechuang Rare Earth Functional Materials Co., Ltd. to establish a National Rare Earth Functional Materials Innovation Center. The National Rare Earth Functional Materials Innovation Center is jointly organized by the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region Department of Industry and Information Technology and the Jiangxi Provincial Department of Industry and Information Technology. A new innovation platform integrated with the transfer of achievements.
Seven, a number of major rare earth related standards released
In March 2020, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment issued the “Pollution Permit Application and Issuance of Technical Specifications for Rare Rare Earth Metal Smelting” standards to further improve the pollution discharge permit system for the rare earth industry and promote the green and high-quality development of the rare earth industry; in August 2020, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology proposed and managed The first mandatory national standard in the field of rare earths GB 39176-2020 “Packaging, Marking, Transportation and Storage of Rare Earth Products” was released and will be implemented on August 1, 2021. This standard will help ensure the quality of rare earth products and reduce the environment. Harm, ensure the transportation safety of rare earth products, and protect the health and safety of workers; in October 2020, two international standards led by China ISO 22444.1:2020 “Rare Earth Terminology Part 1: Mineral Products and Compounds” and ISO 22444.2:2020 “Rare Earth Terminology Part 2: Metals and Alloys” was released, becoming the first international standard issued in the field of rare earths.
8. The 2020 Rare Earth Science and Technology Award winning projects and winners announced
All participating projects of the 2020 China Rare Earth Science and Technology Award have undergone formal review, online review, professional review, evaluation by the review committee and approval by the Award Committee, and the opinions of the awardees have been solicited. 9 first prizes and 11 second prizes are finally determined. The first prize projects are: “Development and industrialization of high-performance sintered ferrite materials for replacement of rare earths”, “Efficient Rare Earth Catalysts for the Efficient Purification of Typical Air Pollutants”, and “High-performance phosphors for full-spectrum high-color LED lighting” And Application” project, “Sintered NdFeB Heavy Rare Earth Grain Boundary Diffusion Technology Research and Industrialization” project, “Rare Earth Magnetic Material Interphase Coupling Design and Control Research” project, “Laterite Nickel Ore and Scandium Resource Efficient Recovery Key Technology Research and Application “Project”, “Research on the Thermal Stability of Rare Earth High Temperature Thermal Barrier Coatings” Project, “Study on the Continuous Production Process and Industrialization of Ten Thousand Tons of Light Rare Earth Carbonate” Project, “Discovery and Exploration of New Types of Ion Adsorption Rare Earth Deposits” The “Innovative Research and Development of Means” project.
9. The national rare earth industry industry-university-research exchange activities are actively carried out
The national rare earth industry has developed in-depth integration of production, education and research, and various industry conferences have become an important model for promoting the rapid development of the rare earth industry after the epidemic. From September 10 to 12, 2020, the 4th Baiyun Obo Resource Strategy Seminar was held in Baotou, to build a new model of green and continuous application of Baiyun Obo rare earth resources; September 16, China Rare Earth Industry Association 2nd Fourth Member Conference and A special report meeting of academicians and experts was held in Chengdu to summarize the experience of epidemic prevention and control and industrial development; October 20-21, the 2020 Academic Annual Meeting of the Chinese Rare Earth Society and the Jiangxi (Ganzhou) Rare Earth Resources Green Development and Efficient Utilization Conference was successfully held in Ganzhou , To deepen the development of integration of production, education, research and application; On November 18, the 12th China Baotou Rare Earth Industry International Forum was held in Baotou to promote the development of the rare earth industry in the “14th Five-Year Plan” development blueprint; December 10-11, China’s rare earth industry The (Second) Industry-University-Research Exchange Seminar was successfully held in Beijing to promote the high-quality development of the rare earth industry.
X. China Rare Earth Industry Association realizes the reform of decoupling from administrative agencies
In accordance with the spirit of the “Notice of the General Office of the General Office of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on Printing and Distributing the “Overall Plan for the Decoupling of Industry Associations and Chambers of Administrative Organs”" and the National Development and Reform Commission and other ten departments “Implementation Opinions on Comprehensively Promoting the Decoupling Reform of Industry Associations and Chambers of Commerce and Administrative Authorities “In order to accelerate the formation of a modern social organization system with separation of government and society, clear powers and responsibilities, and autonomy in accordance with the law, China Rare Earth Industry Association was reviewed and approved by the Ten Departments Joint Office of the State Council in 2020, completing the task of decoupling and achieving decoupling from administrative agencies. reform. Decoupling reform will promote industry associations to innovate management systems and operating mechanisms, stimulate internal vitality and development momentum, return to the third-party nature of social organizations, and enhance industry service functions and other capabilities.
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