Foreign trade events


According to information released by the Legal Affairs Department of the China Council for the Promotion of International Trade, as of February 24, 2021, a total of 211 countries (regions) have taken measures related to the epidemic.

Among them: Argentina and the Philippines approved the emergency use of China’s new crown pneumonia vaccine; Thailand issued the registration document of China’s Kexing new crown pneumonia vaccine; Kuwait will close all seaports and land ports; Iraq will close the border passage between Li and Zhan in the Kurdish Autonomous Region; Canada will close the United States The borders of the Philippines, Afghanistan, Malaysia, Tajikistan, Switzerland, Papua New Guinea require immigrants to provide relevant test certificates or be tested and quarantined after entry; Kuwait restricts the entry of foreign citizens; Greece prohibits entry of non-EU citizens, and certain countries (regions) Except; Canada will extend the lockdown time in Toronto; Kuwait restricts employees’ offline office attendance and public transportation attendance; French Alps announced the implementation of city lockdown measures; the United Kingdom announced that it will gradually relax existing prevention and control policies, including measures such as reopening public places .

The first multilateral agreement on cross-border paperless trade in the Asia-Pacific region takes effect

On February 21, the “Framework Agreement on Facilitation of Cross-border Paperless Trade in Asia and the Pacific” (hereinafter referred to as the “Agreement”) initiated by the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (hereinafter referred to as “ESCAP”) formally came into effect.

This agreement is the first multilateral agreement in the field of cross-border paperless trade under the framework of the United Nations. The agreement covers the national trade facilitation policy framework and favorable domestic legal environment, cross-border paperless trade facilitation and the development of single window systems, cross-border mutual recognition of electronic trade data and documents, and international standards for the exchange of electronic trade data and documents. And related action plans, capacity building, pilot projects and experience exchange. The agreement will promote the exchange and mutual recognition of trade data and documents in electronic form in the region, promote the compatibility of national and subregional single windows with other paperless trading systems, and create a good legal and regulatory environment for cross-border paperless trade. Thereby improving the efficiency and transparency of international trade.

This agreement has entered into force for the five founding parties that have completed domestic ratification, namely China, Azerbaijan, the Philippines, Iran and Bangladesh. Armenia and Cambodia have signed the agreement and it is currently in the domestic approval process. At the same time, many countries are actively seeking to join the agreement.

China-Serbia sign customs AEO mutual recognition agreement

“The Agreement between the Government of the People’s Republic of China and the Government of the Republic of Serbia on the Mutual Recognition of the Enterprise Credit Management System of the General Administration of Customs of the People’s Republic of China and the “Certified Operator” System of the General Administration of Customs of the Ministry of Finance of the Republic of Serbia” was recently signed. According to the mutual recognition agreement, the convenient measures provided by the customs of China and Serbia to AEO companies of each other include: application of a lower document review rate; application of a lower inspection rate of imported goods; priority inspection of goods that require physical inspection; designation of a customs liaison Officials, responsible for communicating and solving problems encountered by project members during customs clearance; priority will be given to customs clearance after the international trade interruption resumes.

So far, China Customs has achieved AEO mutual recognition with 43 countries and regions in 17 economies including Singapore, South Korea and the European Union, and the number of mutually recognized countries and regions ranks first in the world. China’s exports to these countries and regions account for nearly 40% of total exports.

Europe: Chinese electric vehicles “speed up” in the European market

According to the “European Electric Vehicle Market Report” recently released by the German professional automotive organization Schmidt Automotive Research, the total sales of Chinese electric passenger car manufacturers in the 18 largest European automotive markets will reach 23,836 in 2020, compared with 2019. Over the same period, it has increased by more than 13 times, and its market share will reach 3.3%, indicating that China’s electric vehicles are in a period of rapid development in the European market.

Driven by the EU’s green transition policy, the European new energy vehicle market has grown against the trend, providing a good opportunity for the development of Chinese brand electric vehicles. According to the sustainable and intelligent transportation strategy recently launched by the European Commission, the number of zero-emission vehicles in the EU will reach at least 30 million by 2030. Affected by the increasingly stringent emission standards of the European Union and the expanding incentive policies of the member states, the sales of new energy vehicles in the European Union will rise against the trend in 2020. According to statistics, the sales of new electric vehicles and plug-in hybrid vehicles in Europe in 2020 will increase by 45% to 1.25 million, with a market share of close to 10%.

Brazil: gradually reducing bicycle import tariffs

The Brazilian Chamber of Foreign Trade recently announced a resolution in the national official gazette that will gradually reduce the import tariffs on bicycles. From March 1st, tariffs will be reduced from 35% to 30%, from July 1 to 25%, and from December 31 to 20%.

The Brazilian website “UOL” reported that Mercosul’s Common External Tariff (TEC) sets a 20% tax level, but since Brazil included bicycles in the TEC exception list in 2011, the import tariffs on this product have been Is 35%.

According to the Brazilian bicycle industry association Alian Sabike, this level (35%) is the highest level allowed by the rules of the World Trade Organization (WTO). Alianç a Bike executive chairman Daniel Guth (Daniel Guth) said that the previous 35% tariffs were part of a protectionist policy to support the bicycle production center in Manaus. Gus said that the total amount of imported bicycles has never exceeded 8% of the national output. He believes that it is unreasonable to insist on raising import tariffs to protect domestic industries.

Eurasian Economic Union: impose anti-dumping duties on China’s motor vehicle springs

On February 19, the Department of Internal Market Protection of the Eurasian Economic Commission issued Announcement No. 2021/254/AD 29 in the official gazette. The announcement on imported motor vehicle springs originating in China (листовыхресс) will start from the date of publication. Effective after 30 natural days. The tax numbers of the products involved are 7320101100, 7320101900, and 732010900 respectively.

The member states of the Eurasian Economic Union include Russia, Kazakhstan, Belarus, Kyrgyzstan and Armenia.

Cambodia: Lowering import taxes on some cars

Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen issued a government decree on February 16, reducing the import tax on some automobiles from March 1st, ranging from 10% to 20%. Private cars with a displacement of less than 3000 cc are reduced by 10%, and private cars with a displacement of more than 3000 cc are reduced by 15%.

In addition, the special tax on pure electric vehicles for household and passenger cars has been reduced by 20%, from 30% to 10%, to reduce costs and promote environmental protection; the special tax on trucks has been reduced by 15%, that is, from 40% to 25% . The special tax for semi-trailers and large trucks weighing more than 5 metric tons will be reduced from 40% to 30%; trucks, cranes and special vehicles will be reduced by 10%, from 40% to 30%.

The Ministry of Finance and Economy of Cambodia stated that the purpose of adjusting some special automobile tax rates is to reduce automobile taxes and logistics costs and promote environmental protection.

India: formally impose anti-dumping duties on aniline

On February 19, 2021, the State Administration of Taxation of the Ministry of Finance of India announced that it accepted the final anti-dumping ruling made by the Ministry of Industry and Commerce of India on January 20, 2021 on aniline originating in or imported from China. From the date of publication in the communiqué, anti-dumping duties will be officially imposed on the products involved, with the tax amount ranging from US$36.90/metric ton to US$121.79/metric ton. These Measures shall be implemented on July 29, 2020, and shall be valid for 5 years. The Indian customs code of the product in question is 292141.

United States: Ports in the western United States are heavily congested and imported goods are stranded

Since the outbreak of a large-scale epidemic in the two major ports of the western United States, Los Angeles and Long Beach, hundreds of ships have been forced to wander in the nearby waters, and dozens of cargo ships have been unable to unload their cargo on time. According to the shipping report issued by the Southern California Maritime Exchange on February 22, there are currently 102 ships calling at two ports and 30 container ships waiting to berth at anchorages.

Freight volume in the Port of Los Angeles reached a new high in the fourth quarter of last year. In 2021, the container transportation volume will continue to grow, and the import volume in January will increase by about 5.5% year-on-year; in January, the import volume of the Port of Long Beach has exceeded the historical high, an increase of about 22%. The National Retail Federation estimates that this summer, container imports at major US ports will set a record.

Shipping companies have begun to take diversion measures to transfer some ships from the southwest coast of the United States to the northwest coast. The Northwest Port Alliance in Oakland, Tacoma, and Seattle has received many applications and is negotiating related operations, while congestion in North American ports has begun to spread.

A large number of imported goods cannot be unloaded, which has also caused a shortage of goods in the United States. The clerk of a large Chinese wholesale supplier in Los Angeles revealed that many products are currently out of stock. On the one hand, they can only try to find similar products for customers to replace them, and on the other hand, they can urge the manufacturers to supply them. But every time I asked the manufacturer, the manufacturer said it was helpless and could only send photos to tell them that the ship was still floating at sea.

 

This article is reproduced from State Reading Network.

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